One of the biggest fears amid the excitement about artificial intelligence (AI) is the loss of jobs. Many are afraid of being made redundant as AI becomes more pervasive.
However, Gartner has predicted that AI will create more jobs than those eliminated.
According to the research firm, 2020 will be a pivotal year in AI-related employment dynamics, AI will become a positive job motivator.
The number of jobs affected by AI will vary by industry; through 2019, healthcare, the public sector and education will see continuously growing job demand while manufacturing will be hit the hardest. Starting in 2020, AI-related job creation will cross into positive territory, reaching two million net-new jobs in 2025.
“Many significant innovations in the past have been associated with a transition period of temporary job loss, followed by recovery, then business transformation and AI will likely follow this route,” said Svetlana Sicular, Research Vice President of Gartner.
AI will improve the productivity of many jobs, eliminating millions of middle- and low-level positions, but also creating millions more new positions of highly skilled, management and even the entry-level and low-skilled variety.
“Unfortunately, most calamitous warnings of job losses confuse AI with automation — that overshadows the greatest AI benefit — AI augmentation — a combination of human and artificial intelligence, where both complement each other,” said Sicular.